Periodontal Disease is a disease that affects the gums in your mouth. It can be painful when it gets more advanced but you may not even be aware of it in the early stages. Your teeth can have plaque which will turn into tartar and in turn can start to eat away at the teeth and can affect the gums. One way to prevent periodontal disease and the spread of it is to have regular visits with the dentist.
Signs of Periodontal Disease: There are several signs that you may have periodontal disease and should have it checked out by the dentist. If you have gums that are red and puffy and bleed when you floss or brush vigorously. Another symptom is if you notice that you have teeth that start to feel lose or there is new space between them that wasn’t there before. You might also have trouble with persistent bad breath and some pain and discomfort around the gums.
Periodontal Disease Diagnosis: If you suspect that you have periodontal disease you want to have it checked by the dentist. It can also be part of your routine exam and cleaning by the dental hygienist too. The professional will take some time to measure that space between the gums and the tooth to be sure that it is at a healthy spacing. They can also check the teeth to see if any are loose or if your gums bleed easily. The beginning stages of periodontal disease is gingivitis. This happens when the plaque on your teeth starts to irritate the gums and cause some inflammation and tenderness. The next stage is periodontal disease and will require more treatment so catching it in the early stages is best.
Periodontal Treatment: There are several levels of severity when treating periodontal disease and that will change the treatment plan. Many times if the disease is more severe, the cleaning will need to be much deeper and root planning will require that area of the mouth to be numbed. The treatment will be done in stages and could be several appointments. If caught early enough that no damage has been done, you may only require one or two more additional cleanings. In some severe cases if the damage cannot be corrected with deep cleaning and root planning, you may require surgery to correct the deep pockets that have formed in the gums.